Published work


Journal articles

Cultural and Social History‘Male heterosexuality and prostitution during the Great War: British Soldiers’ encounters with maisons tolérées’, Cultural and Social History, 9, 1 (2012), pp.65-83.

This article explores soldiers’ brothel visits in France: their reasons for attending the ‘licensed brothels’ (maisons tolérées) and how their visits varied according to the soldiers’ marital status and rank. It then considers how prostitution in the First World War may have transformed heterosexual behaviour, particularly with regard to the use of amateur or professional prostitutes.

Chapters in edited volumes

”Pinky Smith looks gorgeous!’ Female impersonators and male bonding in prisoner of war camps for British servicemen in Europe’ in Men, Masculinities and Male Culture in the Second World War (eds) Juliette Pattinson and Linsey Robb (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017).

Sean and John's book‘Punters and their prostitutes: British soldiers, masculinity and maisons tolérées in the First World War’ in What is Masculinity? Historical Dynamics from Antiquity to the Contemporary World (eds) John H. Arnold and Sean Brady (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), pp.413-430; reprinted in paperback 2013. 

This chapter argues that warfare provides gender historians with a unique insight into conceptions of masculinity through the documentation of experiences that may have gone unrecorded in peacetime. By focusing on masculinity as experience, it shows that during this era, there was a diversity of acceptable masculine behaviours and how conceptions of masculinity were informed by a man’s marital status, rank, nationality and race which, at times, superseded patriarchal forces.

Magazines and newspapers

cover 2014-3‘Sexing up the First World War Centenary’. Remembering the visits of British soldiers to brothels during the Great War’, Historica, 3 (2014), pp.25-28. 

In June 2014, I spoke at the UCL Lunch Hour Lecture series on the visits of British soldiers to maisons tolérées, or licenced brothels, in the First World War. My lecture uncovered soldiers’ reasons for visiting brothels, their reactions to them and the prostitutes, and how they dealt with the potential consequences: venereal disease. I also discussed how it is important to remember this subject as part of the Centenary, since it questions some of today’s dominant narratives of the First World War.

_72328068_anzacs_frank_hurley_hulton_archive_gettyWW1 brothels: Why troops ignored calls to resist ‘temptation’, BBC online, 27 February 2014.

Why British soldiers visit brothels, in their own words.

BBC history magazine‘Sex and the Trenches’, BBC History Magazine, August 2011, pp.48-49; reprinted in ‘The First World War Story’, BBC History Magazine, October 2012, pp.32-33.

Drawing upon the testimonies of First World War soldiers, this feature offers an insight into how visiting brothels help them cope with the constant presence of death.

Sex and WW1‘Sex and the Somme: The officially sanctioned brothels on the front line laid bare for the first time’, Daily Mail, October 2011, pp.54-55.

Telling the story in their own words, this article examines why British soldiers visited brothels in the First World War, what happened during their visit (in addition to the obvious) and what consequences they suffered afterwards.